Vitamins and trace elements play an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes and its complications.
Among the many vitamins and trace elements, some are beneficial to diabetic patients, some are harmful to diabetic patients, and you can’t make up for it!
I. Which vitamins are good for diabetes?
1. B vitamins
B vitamins are mainly involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, amino acids, glucose and alcohol, maintaining the function of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system.
People with diabetes are prone to lack of B vitamins. Vitamin B1 supplementation is beneficial for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes; lipoic acid is added for the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
Mecobalamin is a vitamin B12 derivative that can also be used to treat diabetic peripheral neuropathy, but if it is not effective for more than one month, it is not necessary to continue taking it.
Metformin can cause vitamin B12 deficiency. Long-term use of metformin can be measured once a year for vitamin B12 levels, such as lack of appropriate vitamin B12.
2. Vitamin D
Low levels of vitamin D may increase the incidence of diabetes and related complications. However, there is currently insufficient evidence to suggest that patients with diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance should be supplemented with vitamin D.
Daily vitamin D supplementation may help glycemic control and/or improve insulin resistance and islet function in diabetic patients.
Long-term large-scale supplementation of vitamin C, vitamin E, carotene and other anti-oxidant preparations is not recommended, and its long-term safety remains to be verified.
II. Which trace elements are good for diabetes?
As a main component of glucose tolerance factor, trivalent chromium participates in the metabolism of glycolipids in the body and increases the efficacy of insulin.
Patients with chromium deficiency can cause impaired glucose tolerance and peripheral neuropathy. For patients with chromium-deficient diabetes or obesity, chromium supplementation may reduce HbA1c and fasting blood glucose.
Zinc is a component of insulin. Zinc deficiency is associated with decreased insulin secretion and tissue resistance to insulin.
Supplementing 9 to 266 mg of zinc daily may reduce blood sugar and glycated hemoglobin levels in diabetic patients.
Magnesium acts on the insulin receptor to alter insulin sensitivity. Hypomagnesemia is associated with poorly controlled diabetes and insulin resistance.
Studies have found that dietary supplementation with magnesium can alter insulin sensitivity and prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
III. How to add vitamins and trace elements
On the basis of low sugar and low fat, supplemented by food.
Chromium: Chromium is mainly found in food rind and can be supplemented by eating coarse grains and miscellaneous grains.
Magnesium: supplemented by eating foods rich in magnesium, such as beans, green leafy vegetables, and dried fruits.
There is currently no chromium-containing hypoglycemic agent in the world.
There are many health care products containing chromium, but hexavalent chromium is toxic and can only be used with trivalent chromium. It is safer to eat chromium-rich yeast, and 2-pyridine picolinate is teratogenic and is not recommended.
2. Medicinal supplement
Under the guidance of a specialist, through drug supplementation.