Handling wounds, which is better?
1. Purple syrup
Many people broke their legs and painted some purple syrup. The wound was purple. But in fact, purple syrup is not recommended for wound treatment.
Because after applying the purple syrup, it will form a layer of sputum on the surface of the wound, which will cover up the condition.
2. Red syrup
Red syrup is also a familiar medicine used to treat wounds. However, it is not suitable for large area skin or larger and deeper wound disinfection.
Because red syrup contains organic compounds of heavy metal mercury, if the wound is too large or too deep, it will cause excessive mercury ions to enter the human body through the skin causing poisoning. And the red color also affects the judgment of the wound.
3.75% medical alcohol
75% alcohol is generally not used on the wound surface of the epidermis, which is caused by irritation and pain or pain.
It is also not recommended to sterilize the sewing needle for picking, as this type of disinfection may not be fully sterilized.
Iodine can be used for disinfection of the skin, such as iodine disinfection of the skin before blood injection. A concentration of 2% iodine is often used for disinfection of intact skin, but it must be deiodinated with 75% alcohol 2-3 minutes after application.
Open, festering wounds are not recommended because of the irritating effects that may affect the recovery of the wound. It may also cause problems such as pigmentation.
5. Hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide has been rarely used in clinical practice to disinfect wounds. It has been no longer recommended in international guidelines to disinfect wounds with hydrogen peroxide.
Hydrogen peroxide is more irritating and can cause wound pain or increase pain.
Iodine at a concentration of 0.5% can be used to disinfect children’s skin, treat burns, frostbite, cut wounds, abrasions, contusions and other general types of trauma. After being cleaned with a clean cotton swab, the wound is centered and disinfected from the inside out.
However, iodophor does not have an alcohol component, and it is not easy to penetrate the oil. It is not as effective as iodine or alcohol for the oily scalp and other parts of the oil.
How to deal with different types of wounds?
The bruise is only a skin injury, and the injury is generally mild.
For very shallow, small-sized wounds, 0.5% iodophor can be used to apply the skin around the wound.
Then apply an antibacterial ointment, or use a band-aid to protect it slightly, or smear and wrap it.
If there is dirt, it is best to rinse it with normal saline or water and apply 0.5% iodophor.
Small lacerations, if there is no obvious bleeding, the wound is clean, you can apply iodophor, then wrap it with sterile gauze or stick a band-aid.
If there is a large laceration, cut or wound on the face, you can firstly treat it according to the above method, and then go to the hospital surgical clinic for debridement and suture.
3. Bruises or crush injuries
After bruising or crushing, only mild skin irritation and pain, no skin damage, can be observed first, no need to deal with it.
If skin damage occurs after bruising, it can be treated as abrasion;
If you have severe bruising and crushing such as bruising, rupture or even severe pain, it is recommended to go to the hospital as soon as possible.
4. Stab wound
The wound left by the slender glass piece, needle, nail, bayonet, wood thorn, etc. is generally small and deep. There is a risk of contracting tetanus, so you should go to the hospital as soon as possible.
Before going to the hospital, you can do some simple treatment first. If there is no stab wound, you can first squeeze the wound, let it flow out some blood, rinse it with saline, and then apply it to the iodine. If there are still residual punctures, remove them with sputum after sterilization or fire, and then treat the wound as described above.