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1. Antibiotics

Not recommended: ★★★★★

It is useless for the common cold; it is useless to prevent secondary bacterial infections. Instead, it can cause significant side effects and increase drug resistance.

Use only under the guidance of a doctor only when definitive diagnosis of secondary bacterial infections (including bacterial otitis media, sinusitis, pneumonia) is performed.

2. Antiviral drugs

Not recommended: ★★★★★

There is currently no antiviral therapy for rhinoviruses. Use only under the guidance of a doctor only when it is diagnosed as influenza.

3. Antitussive

Not recommended: ★★★★☆

Cough is a physiological response to airway stimuli. Inhibition of coughing can lead to secretion retention and cause harmful airway obstruction.

Regardless of prescription or OTC antitussives, there was no confirmatory effect in the treatment of cough caused by the common cold.

Special reminder: If the cough is accompanied by shortness of breath, purple lips, and poor mental health, seek medical attention as soon as possible. If the child continues to cough for more than two weeks, no improvement or worsening, other issues such as asthma, whooping cough, and cystic fibrosis should be considered. At this point, you should seek medical attention and take your medication under the guidance of a doctor.

4. Decongestant

Not recommended: ★★★★☆

May cause tachycardia, diastolic blood pressure, and palpitations. After deactivation, it may cause nasal congestion to rebound. No studies have shown that these drugs are effective in children <12 years old.

It is not recommended for children 6 years old to use. 6 – 12 years old children, prudent. 12 year old +, follow the doctor’s advice.

5. Antihistamines

Not recommended: ★★★★☆

Adverse reactions included sedation, abnormal excitability, respiratory depression, and hallucinations.

Randomized controlled trials have found that whether alone or in combination with decongestants is not effective in reducing the symptoms of cold in children.

It is not recommended for children <6 years old. Children 6-12 years old, careful.

6. Bronchiectasis

Not recommended: ★★★★☆

Not effective for non-asthmatic acute cough. However, children with asthma who have colds should follow the doctor’s instructions for using such drugs.

7. Aromatics

Not recommended: ★★★☆☆

Local aromatherapy (including menthol, camphor, eucalyptus, etc.) is not recommended to treat nasal congestion.

What should children do when they have a cold?

Symptoms of the flu are severely affecting the lives of children or family members. They can not sleep well, eat too much, or suffer from physical pain. These methods can be used under the guidance of a doctor.

I. Antipyretic analgesia

1. Paracetamol: For children > 3 months, it is recommended to use it for fever if the fever (body temperature >38.5°C) causes discomfort in the first few days of the cold.

2. Ibuprofen: Suitable for children >6 months old. Applicable conditions are as above.

(Pictures are all single decomposed thermal analgesics. For example only. For reference.)

II. Reduce nasal congestion and runny nose

<12-year-old children can use nasal suction, saline nasal spray or nasal spray, cold mist humidifier, safe and cheap.

III. Honey

Suitable for children aged 1 +.

Both the World Health Organization and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that a 1-year-old + child with an acute cough can drink warm honey water.

The two authorities also recommended doses: one spoonful at a time, about 2.5 ml to 5 ml; 1-2 times a day.

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